installing emacs in cygwin

Update: See my other post, launching emacs from cygwin

There are a few tricks to installing emacs in cygwin. Here’s what I do.

Installing cygwin

First, install cygwin.

Then, install the very nice tool apt-cyg which makes package management much easier in cygwin.

Then to save yourself lots of agony of trying to work out which cygwin packages you need to install to be able to compile emacs, here is the list of all the packages I have installed. It may be a little bit of overkill but it will save you time. I obtained the list like this:

jason@jade ~
$ apt-cyg show | tr '\n' ' '

Install them with:

$ apt-cyg install 
_autorebase _update-info-dir alternatives autoconf autoconf2.1 \
 autoconf2.5 automake automake1.10 automake1.11 automake1.12 \
automake1.4 automake1.5 automake1.6 automake1.7 automake1.8 \
 automake1.9 base-cygwin base-files bash bash-completion bc binutils \
bzip2 ca-certificates cmake coreutils cpio crypt csih curl cvs cvsps \
cygrunsrv cygutils cygwin cygwin-doc dash dbus diffutils dos2unix \
editrights file findutils gamin gawk gcc-tools-epoch1-autoconf \
gcc-tools-epoch1-automake gcc-tools-epoch2-autoconf \
gcc-tools-epoch2-automake gcc4 gcc4-core gcc4-g++ gccmakedep gettext \
gettext-devel git git-completion git-gui git-svn gitk gitk grep groff \
gsettings-desktop-schemas gsettings-desktop-schemas gzip imake \
ipc-utils less libX11_6 libX11_6 libXau6 libXau6 libXdmcp6 libXdmcp6 \
libXext6 libXext6 libXft2 libXft2 libXrender1 libXrender1 libXss1 \
libXss1 libapr1 libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1 libasn1_8 libattr1 \
libblkid1 libbz2_1 libcharset1 libcloog0 libcom_err-devel libcom_err2 \
libcurl-devel libcurl4 libdb4.5 libdb4.5-devel libdb4.5-devel libdb4.8 \
libdb4.8 libdbus1_3 libdbus1_3 libedit0 libedit0 libexpat1 libfam0 \
libfam0 libffi4 libfontconfig1 libfontconfig1 libfreetype6 \
libfreetype6 libgcc1 libgcrypt11 libgdbm4 libgettextpo0 libgettextpo0 \
libggi2 libggi2-display-terminfo libgii1 libgii1 libglib2.0_0 \
libglib2.0_0 libgmp3 libgmpxx4 libgnutls26 libgomp1 libgpg-error0 \
libgssapi3 libhdb9 libhdb9 libheimbase1 libheimntlm0 libhx509_5 \
libiconv libiconv libiconv2 libidn-devel libidn-devel libidn11 \
libintl8 libkadm5clnt7 libkadm5clnt7 libkadm5srv8 libkadm5srv8 \
libkafs0 libkafs0 libkdc2 libkdc2 libkrb5-devel libkrb5-devel \
libkrb5_26 liblzma5 liblzo2_2 libmetalink3 libmpc1 libmpfr1 libmpfr4 \
libncurses-devel libncurses10 libncurses7 libncurses8 libncurses8 \
libncurses9 libncurses9 libncursesw-devel libncursesw10 libneon27 \
libneon27 libopenldap2_3_0 libopenldap2_3_0 libopenldap2_4_2 \
libopenssl098 libopenssl100 libp11-kit0 libpcre0 libpcre1 libpcre1 \
libpopt0 libppl libpq-devel libpq-devel libpq5 libpq5 libproxy1 \
libproxy1 libreadline6 libreadline6 libreadline7 libroken18 libsasl2 \
libsasl2-devel libsasl2-devel libserf0_1 libserf0_1 libserf1_0 \
libserf1_0 libsigsegv2 libsl0 libsl0 libsqlite3_0 libssh2-devel \
libssh2-devel libssh2_1 libssp0 libstdc++6 libstdc++6-devel libtasn1_3 \
libuuid1 libuuid1 libwind0 libwrap0 libxcb1 libxcb1 libxml2 login m4 \
make makedepend makedepend man mintty nano ncurses ncurses-demo \
ncursesw ncursesw-demo openldap-devel openldap-devel openssh openssl \
openssl openssl-devel openssl-devel perl perl-Error \
perl-Locale-gettext perl_vendor python rebase run sed stgit subversion \
subversion subversion-perl subversion-perl tar tcl tcl tcl-tk tcl-tk \
termcap terminfo terminfo-extra terminfo0 terminfo0 terminfo0-extra \
texinfo tzcode unzip util-linux w32api w32api-headers w32api-runtime \
wget which xorg-cf-files xorg-cf-files xz zlib zlib-devel zlib-devel \
zlib0

Go and have a cup of tea while its installing.

git clone git://git.savannah.gnu.org/emacs.git
cd emacs
./configure --with-w32 #  to ditch gtk and the concomitant gtk bug, thanks jlf
make

If make is successful, test the build by running emacs from the src directory:

src/emacs -Q

If that worked ok, you can:

make install

Setting up your home

I like my cygwin home directory to be the same as windows %USERPROFILE% so I set the environment variable HOME=%USERPROFILE%.

Set up a shortcut to launch emacs

Make a shortcut to c:\cygwin\bin\run.exe on your desktop, and rename it to emacs.
Edit the shortcut to:
Target: C:\cygwin\bin\run.exe /usr/local/bin/emacsclient "-c" "-a" "/usr/local/bin/emacs.exe" #
Start in: %USERPROFILE%

The target part makes sure emacs launches a new window whether or not its already running. If it is already running and as a server, it will create a new frame connected to the server.

The start in part makes sure the new instance’s default-directory is your home directory which I think makes most sense for when you are launching from a shortcut.

Drop the shortcut onto your start menu. You should now be able to launch emacs from the start menu, or by pressing the Windows key and typing emacs.

OAuth 2.0 in emacs – Part 3

I’m still stuck with WordPress and OAuth 2.0. I sent a support email to them but they have not followed up yet. I did find the problem described on Stack Overflow with no solution yet either.

I thought I might try and get OAuth 2.0 working with a different service.

Twitter does not appear to officially support OAuth 2.0 yet. Twittering mode in emacs authenticates with OAuth 1 and appears to have its own code for doing so.

My next thought was to see if I could find a test OAuth 2.0 server to do my own testing on. I found there is a discussion and links to one on Stack Overflow, but its OAuth 1.

Google! of course, google supports OAuth 2.0. My next steps will be to see if I can authenticate against that from emacs.

A quick search of ELPA revealed the google-contacts package and lo and behold! it was written by Julian Danjou who wrote the OAuth 2 library I am planning to use. It looks like a really good example to follow too.

Then I had the idea that maybe if I try the authentication against a blog hosts on wordpress.com rather than my self hosted WordPress site. And sure enough, that works. So I’m back in business. More in part 4.

OAuth 2.0 in emacs – Part 2

Back the basics.

Reading through the docs again I decided try and and authorise using this url first.

https://public-api.wordpress.com/oauth2/authorize?client_id=2194&redirect_uri=http://emacstragic.net&response_type=code

This takes me to a wordpress.com page to ask me to authorise.

So, then it started to make sense to me.

(oauth2-request-authorization "https://public-api.wordpress.com/oauth2/authorize" "2194" "" "" "http://emacstragic.net")

That above function launches your browser on the wordpress OAuth page and asks you to authorise the app to one of your blogs. It also prompts the user in emacs to enter the authorisation code the browser displays.

Screen Shot 2013-02-23 at 8.33.21 AM

But selecting my blog and hitting Authrorize gives me an error You must connect your Jetpack plugin to WordPress.com to use this feature. which is strange because it is already connected.

OAuth 2.0 in emacs – Part 1

I want to write something in emacs to let me edit WordPress posts directly. There is of course the blogger-mode in emacs, but I’ve never managed to make that work. Then I noticed that JetPack in WordPress has a JSON interface. Supposedly it will let me do stuff to my blog via a REST interface.

What better way to learn something than try and learn 10 new things at once?! I mentioned my plan on #emacs and Nic Ferrier asked me to document the journey.

First thing is that your app needs to use oauth2 to authenticate. I tried the sample code given on wordpress.com. Before you can do that though, you need to log into wordpress.com and create an “app” and enable the JetPack JSON api module.

<?php 
 $curl = curl_init( "https://public-api.wordpress.com/oauth2/token" );
 $curl_setopt( $curl, CURLOPT_POST, true );
 $curl_setopt( $curl, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, array( 'client_id' =--> XXXX,
'redirect_uri' => 'http://emacstragic.net',
'client_secret' => biglongsecretstring,
'code' => $_GET['code'], // The code from the previous request
'grant_type' => 'authorization_code'
) );
curl_setopt( $curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
$auth = curl_exec( $curl );
$secret = json_decode($auth);
$access_key = $secret->access_token;

echo "auth: $auth";
echo "secret: $secret";
echo "access_key: $access_key";

?>

This results in:


auth: {"error":"invalid_request","error_description":"The required \"code\" parameter is missing."}
Catchable fatal error: Object of class stdClass could not be converted to string in /Users/jason/Dropbox/projects/emacs-wordpress/test.php on line 17

not very helpful. I then decided to see whats available in emacs. And low and behold Julien Danjou has written an OAuth 2.0 library for emacs. It’s available in ELPA in emacs >= 24

I downloaded and installed it no problems but the documentation lacks any kind of working example that I can see.

My first attempt was to run the oauth2-request-authorization function, but it required strange parameters. (oauth2-request-authorization AUTH-URL CLIENT-ID &optional SCOPE STATE
REDIRECT-URI)
What the hell are scope and state?

Then looking through the source I found oauth2-request-access with a more promising (oauth2-request-access TOKEN-URL CLIENT-ID CLIENT-SECRET CODE
&optional REDIRECT-URI)

So I tried that: (oauth2-request-access "https://public-api.wordpress.com/oauth2/token" "XXXX" "longsecretcode" "CODE" "http://emacstragic.net" )

which returned [cl-struct-oauth2-token nil nil "XXXX" "longsecretcode" nil nil "https://public-api.wordpress.com/oauth2/token" ((error_description . "Invalid authorization_code.") (error . "invalid_grant"))]

That looks promising in a way. At least its doing something!

Stay tuned for part 2.

Error: GDBus.Error:org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.Spawn.ExecFailed: Failed to execute program /usr/lib/dbus-1.0/dbus-daemon-launch-helper: Success

I recently migrated my linux box from bare metal hardware to a VMware virtual machine. At the same time, I upgraded from Debian squeeze to Debian Wheezy (testing).

After the dust had settled, one nagging problem keep recurring. Every time I did an aptitude update or aptitude install, after everything successfully ran, I would get this error message:

Error: GDBus.Error:org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.Spawn.ExecFailed: Failed to execute program /usr/lib/dbus-1.0/dbus-daemon-launch-helper: Success

The cause of this proved quite difficult to track down. Eventually a Gentoo forum post led me to the solution. It seems that somewhere along the line, dbus-daemon-launch-helper has ended up with the wrong permissions. Change its permissions to be world executable.

chmod o+x /usr/lib/dbus-1.0/dbus-daemon-launch-helper

Linuxconf 2013

Jason Lewis, Willi and another person standing outside a buildoing on Mt Stromlo

I just got back from having an amazing week at LCA2013. That was my first LCA and I was really not quite sure what to expect. It turned out to be an amazing experience. I met so man really smart people, learnt a lot and generally got exposed to all sorts of new ideas and software.

Some of the highlights were:

  1. Sir Tim Berners Lee.
  2. Meeting kernel hackers.
  3. Meeting Joey Hess as I backed his kickstarter.
  4. Finding out about Apache OFBiz
  5. Seeing Paul Fenwick give several presentations. Here are some of his videos on youtube.
  6. Organising the emacs BoF.
  7. Realising that I’m not the only emacs user in Australia.
  8. The Penguin Dinner on Mt Stromlo.

There were many other great and inspiring things. Too many to list. All I can say is I hope I can make it to LCA2014 in Perth.